Mechanical engineering is represented by assembly production in auto and shipbuilding. There are small metallurgical, woodworking and oil refineries, as well as the production of building materials. The largest industrial centers are Colombo, Galle, Jaffna, Trincomalee.
The main export items (at the end of 2019, the total volume amounted to 11.94 billion US dollars) are garments, tea, natural rubber and related products, precious stones, coconuts. The main imports (at the end of 2019, the total volume amounted to 19.94 billion US dollars) are crude oil, products of the oil and chemical industries (fertilizers, pesticides), industrial equipment, household appliances, textiles, consumer goods and food.